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DION CHRYSOSTOME, Sur la royauté (discours 1; traduction anglaise)


Texte grec :

[1,70] ἐπεδείκνυεν οὖν αὐτῷ πρῶτον ἐπὶ τῆς μείζονος κορυφῆς καθημένην ἐν θρόνῳ λαμπρῷ γυναῖκα εὐειδῆ καὶ μεγάλην, ἐσθῆτι λευκῇ κεκοσμημένην, σκῆπτρον ἔχουσαν οὐ χρυσοῦν οὐδὲ ἀργυροῦν, ἀλλ´ ἑτέρας φύσεως καθαρᾶς καὶ πολὺ λαμπροτέρας, ὁποίαν μάλιστα τὴν Ἥραν γράφουσι· (71) τὸ δὲ πρόσωπον φαιδρὸν ὁμοῦ καὶ σεμνόν, ὡς τοὺς μὲν ἀγαθοὺς ἅπαντας θαρρεῖν ὁρῶντας, κακὸν δὲ μηδένα δύνασθαι προσιδεῖν, μὴ μᾶλλον ἢ τὸν ἀσθενῆ τὴν ὄψιν ἀναβλέψαι πρὸς τὸν τοῦ ἡλίου κύκλον· καθεστηκὸς δὲ καὶ ὅμοιον αὐτῆς τὸ εἶδος ὁρᾶσθαι καὶ τὸ βλέμμα οὐ μετατρεπόμενον· (72) πολλὴν δ´ εὐφημίαν τε καὶ ἡσυχίαν ἀθόρυβον κατέχειν τὸν τόπον. ἦν δὲ ἅπαντα μεστὰ καρπῶν τε καὶ ζῴων εὐθηνούντων ἀπὸ παντὸς γένους· παρῆν δὲ καὶ χρυσὸς αὐτόθι ἄπλετος σεσωρευμένος καὶ ἄργυρος καὶ χαλκὸς καὶ σίδηρος. οὐ μὴν ἐκείνη γε οὐδὲν τῷ χρυσῷ προσεῖχεν οὐδὲ ἐτέρπετο, (73) ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον τοῖς καρποῖς τε καὶ ζῴοις. ἰδὼν οὖν αὐτὴν ὁ Ἡρακλῆς ᾐδέσθη τε καὶ ἠρυθρίασεν, τιμῶν καὶ σεβόμενος, ὡς ἂν ἀγαθὸς παῖς μητέρα γενναίαν. καὶ ἤρετο τίς ἐστι θεῶν τὸν Ἑρμῆν· ὁ δὲ εἶπεν, Αὕτη σοι μακαρία δαίμων Βασιλεία, Διὸς βασιλέως ἔκγονος. ὁ δὲ Ἡρακλῆς ἐχάρη καὶ ἐθάρρησε πρὸς αὐτήν. καὶ αὖθις ἐπήρετο τὰς σὺν αὐτῇ γυναῖκας. Τίνες εἰσίν; ἔφη· ὡς εὐσχήμονες καὶ μεγαλοπρεπεῖς καὶ ἀρρενωποί. (74) Ἥδε μέν, ἔφη, σοι ἡ προσορῶσα γοργόν τε καὶ πρᾷον, ἐκ δεξιῶν καθημένη, Δίκη, πλείστῳ δὴ καὶ φανερωτάτῳ λάμπουσα κάλλει. παρὰ δὲ αὐτὴν Εὐνομία, πάνυ ὁμοία καὶ μικρὸν διαφέρουσα τὸ εἶδος.

Traduction française :

[1,70] He therefore took him first to the loftier peak and showed him a woman seated upon a resplendent throne. She was beautiful and stately, clothed in white raiment, and held in her hand a sceptre, not of gold or silver, but of a different substance, pure and much brighter—a figure for all the world like the pictures of Hera. Her countenance was at once radiant and full of dignity, so that all the good could behold it without fear, but no evil person could gaze upon it any more than a man with weak eyes can look up at the orb of the sun ; composed and steadfast was her mien, and her glance did not waver. A profound stillness and unbroken quiet pervaded the place ; everywhere were fruits in abundance and thriving animals of every species. And immense heaps of gold and silver were there, and of bronze and iron; yet she heeded not at all the gold, nor did she take delight in it, but rather in the fruits and living creatures. (73) " Now when Heracles beheld the woman, he was abashed and blushes mantled his cheeks, for he felt that respect and reverence for her which a good son feels for a noble mother. Then he asked Hermes which of the deities she was, and he replied, ` Lo, that is the blessed Lady Royalty, child of King Zeus.' And Heracles rejoiced and took courage in her presence. And again he asked about the women who were with her. ` Who are they ? ' said he ; ` how decorous and stately, like men in countenance !' Behold,' he replied, ` she who sits there at her right hand, whose glance is both fierce and gentle, is Justice, aglow with a surpassing and resplendent beauty. Beside her sits Civic Order, who is very much like her and differs but slightly in appearance.

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Dernière mise à jour : 22/11/2007