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Denys d'Halicarnasse, Les Antiquités romaines, livre VI


Texte grec :

[6,84] Αἱ δὲ βεβαιώσουσαι τὰς ὁμολογίας ταύτας καὶ τὸ ἀσφαλὲς ὑμῖν παρέξουσαι πίστεις ἔσονται πᾶσαι νόμιμοί τε καὶ ἐν ἔθει τοῖς διαλυομένοις τὰς ἔχθρας. ἐπιψηφιεῖται μὲν ἡ βουλὴ ταῦτα καὶ νόμου τάξιν ἀποδώσει τοῖς γραφησομένοις· μᾶλλον δ´ ὑφ´ ὑμῶν ἐνθάδε γραφέσθω τὰ δόξαντα, καὶ ἡ βουλὴ τούτοις πείσεται. τοῦ δὲ μενεῖν βέβαια τὰ συγχωρούμενα νῦν, καὶ μηδὲν ὕστερον ἐναντίον αὐτοῖς ὑπὸ τῆς βουλῆς ἐξενεχθήσεσθαι, πρῶτον μὲν ἡμεῖς οἱ πρέσβεις ἀνάδοχοι, διδόντες ὑμῖν σώματα καὶ ψυχὰς καὶ γενεὰς τὰς ἑαυτῶν ἐνέχυρα· ἔπειτα οἱ ἄλλοι βουλευταί, ὅσοι τῷ ψηφίσματι συνεγγραφήσονται· οὐ γὰρ δή ποτε ἀκόντων ἡμῶν γραφήσεταί τι κατὰ τοῦ δήμου. οἱ γὰρ ἡγούμενοι τοῦ συνεδρίου καὶ πρῶτοι τὰς αὑτῶν γνώμας ἀποφαινόμενοι τῶν ἄλλων ἡμεῖς ἐσμεν. τελευταία δὲ πίστις ἅπασίν ἐστιν ἀνθρώποις Ἕλλησί τε καὶ βαρβάροις, ἣν οὐδεὶς πώποτε ἀναιρήσει χρόνος, ἡ δι´ ὅρκων καὶ σπονδῶν ἐγγυητὰς θεοὺς ποιουμένη τῶν συμβάσεων· ὑφ´ ἧς πολλαὶ μὲν ἰδιωτῶν ἔχθραι πικραί, πολλοὶ δὲ πόλεμοι πόλεσι πρὸς πόλεις συστάντες διηλλάγησαν. καὶ ταύτην εἴ τινα λαμβάνετε τὴν πίστιν, εἴτ´ ὀλίγοις ἐπιτρέπετε τοῖς ἡγεμόσι τοῦ συνεδρίου περὶ ὅλης ὑμῖν δοῦναι τῆς βουλῆς τοὺς ὅρκους, εἴτε πάντας ἀξιοῦτε τοὺς ἐπιγραφομένους τοῖς δόγμασιν ὀμνύειν καθ´ ἱερῶν ἦ μὴν βέβαια τὰ συγκείμενα φυλάξειν. δεξιὰς δὲ καὶ σπονδὰς καὶ πίστεις ἐπὶ θεῶν γιγνομένας μήτε σὺ διάβαλλε, Βροῦτε, μήτ´ ἀναίρει τὸ κάλλιστον ἐπιτήδευμα τῶν ἀνθρωπίνων, μηδ´ ὑμεῖς ἀνάσχησθε αὐτοῦ λέγοντος ἀνοσίων καὶ τυραννικῶν ἀνθρώπων πονηρεύματα, ἃ τῆς Ῥωμαίων ἀρετῆς πολὺ ἀπέχει.

Traduction française :

[6,84] "The assurances which shall confirm this agreement and secure to you the performance of it shall all be according to law and conformable to (p105) the practice of those who put an end to their enmities. The senate will confirm these arrangements by a vote and give the force of law to the conditions that shall be drawn up, But rather let your demands be drawn up by you here, and the senate will agree to them. That the concessions now made to you will stand firm and unchanged and that nothing contrary to them shall be carried out later by the senate, first, we envoys are your sureties, giving you our persons, our lives, and our families as pledges; and in the next place, all the other senators who shall be named in the decree. For no decree will ever be drawn up contrary to the interests of the people so long as we oppose it, since we are the leading members of the senate and always deliver our opinions first. The last assurance we shall give you is that in use among all men, both Greeks and barbarians, which no lapse of time shall ever overthrow, namely, the one which through oaths and treaties makes the gods sureties for the performance of agreements. Under this assurance many bitter enmities between private individuals and many wars that have arisen between states have been composed. Come now, accept this assurance also, whether you permit a few of the principal members of the senate to give your their oaths in the name of their whole body, or think fit that all the senators who are named in the decree shall swear over the sacrificial victims to maintain the agreement inviolable. Do not traduce, Brutus, assurances given under the sanction of the gods and confirmed by the pledging of hands and by treaties, p107nor destroy the noblest of all human institutions; and as for you, plebeians, do not permit him to mention the wicked deeds of impious and tyrannical men, deeds far removed from the virtue of the Romans.

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Dernière mise à jour : 9/01/2007