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Denys d'Halicarnasse, Les Antiquités romaines, livre VI


Texte grec :

[6,70] Ταύτας οἱ πρέσβεις παρ´ αὐτῶν λαβόντες τὰς ἐντολὰς αὐθημερὸν ἐξῄεσαν. φθάσασα δὲ τὴν παρουσίαν αὐτῶν ἡ φήμη διήγγειλε τοῖς ἐπὶ στρατοπέδου πάντα τὰ ἐν τῇ πόλει γενόμενα, καὶ αὐτίκα πάντες ἐκλιπόντες τὸ ἔρυμα ὑπήντων ἔτι καθ´ ὁδὸν οὖσι τοῖς πρεσβευταῖς. ἦν δέ τις ἐν τῷ στρατοπέδῳ πάνυ ταραχώδης καὶ στασιαστὴς ἀνήρ, ὀξὺς τῇ γνώμῃ προιδεῖν τι τῶν ἐσομένων ἐκ πολλοῦ, καὶ εἰπεῖν ὅ τι νοήσειεν ὡς λάλος καὶ κωτίλος οὐκ ἀδύνατος, ὃς ἐκαλεῖτο μὲν Λεύκιος Ἰούνιος, ὁμώνυμος τῷ καταλύσαντι τοὺς βασιλεῖς, ἐκπληρῶσαι δὲ τὴν ὁμωνυμίαν βουλόμενος ἠξίου καὶ Βροῦτος ἐπικαλεῖσθαι. τοῖς δ´ ἄρα πολλοῖς γέλως ἐπὶ τῇ κενοσπουδίᾳ τοῦ ἀνθρώπου εἰσήρχετο, καὶ ὅτε βουληθεῖεν ἐπισκώπτειν αὐτὸν Βροῦτον ἐπεκάλουν. οὗτος ὁ ἀνὴρ τὸν ἡγεμόνα τοῦ στρατοπέδου Σικίννιον διδάξας, ὡς οὐκ ἄμεινον εἴη τῷ δήμῳ ῥᾳδίως ἑαυτὸν ἐπιτρέπειν τοῖς προτεινομένοις, ἵνα μὴ ἀπ´ ἐλάττονος ἀξιώσεως ἀτιμοτέραν εὕρηται τὴν κάθοδον, ἀλλ´ ἐναντιοῦσθαι μέχρι πολλοῦ καὶ τραγῳδίαν τινὰ ἐπιθεῖναι τοῖς πράγμασι προσποιητόν, ὑποσχόμενός τ´ αὐτὸς ἀναλήψεσθαι τὸν ὑπὲρ τοῦ δήμου λόγον τά τ´ ἄλλα ὑποθέμενος, ἃ χρὴ πράττειν ἢ λέγειν, ἔπεισε τὸν Σικίννιον. καὶ μετὰ τοῦτο ὁ μὲν Σικίννιος συγκαλέσας εἰς ἐκκλησίαν τὸν δῆμον ἐκέλευσε τοὺς πρεσβευτὰς ὑπὲρ ὧν ἥκουσι λέγειν.

Traduction française :

[6,70] The envoys, having received these instructions from the senate, when out of the city the (p63) same day. But the news of everything that had passed in the city reached those in the camp ahead of them, and presently all the plebeians left the encampment and met the envoys while they were still upon the road. Now there was in the camp a very turbulent and seditious man who had a shrewd mine for foreseeing something of the future far in advance, and he was not lacking in ability to express his thoughts, being a great talker and babbler. He had the same name, Lucius Junius, as the man who had overthrown the kings, and desiring to make the similarity of their names complete, he wished also to be called Brutus. To most people, it seems, he was a laughing-stock because of his vain pretentiousness, and when they wished to make sport of him, they called him by the nickname Brutus. This man now showed Sicinius, who was the commander of the camp, that it was not to the best interest of the people to submit readily to the proposals that were offered, lest by beginning with too moderate a demand, they might find their return home less honourable, but to oppose them for a long time and to inject into the negotiations an element of play- acting; and after promising to take upon himself the defence of the people and suggesting everything else that was to be done and said, he prevailed upon Sicinius. Thereupon Sicinius, assembling the people, asked the envoys to state their reason for coming.

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Dernière mise à jour : 9/01/2007