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Denys d'Halicarnasse, Les Antiquités romaines, livre VI

ἀρχαίαν



Texte grec :

[6,21] Ταῦτα μὲν οὖν τὰ λεχθέντα ὑπὸ τῶν προεστηκότων τῆς βουλῆς, τοῦ δὲ δικτάτορος τὴν Λαρκίου γνώμην προελομένου καὶ οὐδενὸς ἔτι λέξαντος τἀναντία παρῆσαν εἰσκληθέντες εἰς τὸ συνέδριον οἱ πρέσβεις τὰς ἀποκρίσεις ληψόμενοι· καὶ ὁ Ποστόμιος ὀνειδίσας αὐτοῖς τὴν οὐδέποτε σωφρονισθῆναι δυναμένην κακίαν· Δίκαιον μὲν ἦν, ἔφη, τὰ ἔσχατα παθεῖν, ἅτε δὴ καὶ αὐτοὶ πράττειν ἐμέλλετε, εἰ κατωρθώσατε ἃς πολλάκις ἤλθετε ἐπ´ †αὐτοὺς ὁδούς· οὐ μέντοι Ῥωμαίους τὰ δίκαια πρὸ τῶν ἐπιεικῶν προελέσθαι λογιζομένους, ὅτι συγγενεῖς εἰσι καὶ ἐπὶ τὸν ἔλεον τῶν ἀδικουμένων καταπεφεύγασιν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ταύτας τὰς ἁμαρτίας αὐτοῖς ἀζημίους ἀφιέναι θεῶν τε ὁμογνίων ἕνεκα καὶ τύχης ἀτεκμάρτου, παρ´ ἧς τὸ κράτος ἔσχον. νῦν μὲν οὖν, ἔφη, παντὸς ἠλευθερωμένοι δέους πορεύεσθε, ἐὰν δὲ τοὺς αἰχμαλώτους ἀπολύσητε καὶ τοὺς αὐτομόλους παραδῶτε ἡμῖν καὶ τοὺς φυγάδας ἐξελάσητε, τότε τοὺς περὶ φιλίας τε καὶ συμμαχίας διαλεξομένους πρέσβεις πέμπετε πρὸς ἡμᾶς, ὡς οὐδενὸς ἀτυχήσοντες τῶν μετρίων. ἀπῄεσαν οἱ πρέσβεις ταύτας τὰς ἀποκρίσεις λαβόντες καὶ μετ´ ὀλίγας ἡμέρας ἧκον τούς τ´ αἰχμαλώτους ἀφεικότες καὶ τοὺς ἁλόντας τῶν αὐτομόλων δεσμίους ἄγοντες καὶ τοὺς ἅμα Ταρκυνίῳ φυγάδας ἐξεληλακότες ἐκ τῶν πόλεων. ἀνθ´ ὧν εὕροντο παρὰ τῆς βουλῆς τὴν ἀρχαίαν φιλίαν καὶ συμμαχίαν καὶ τοὺς ὅρκους τοὺς ὑπὲρ τούτων ποτὲ γενομένους διὰ τῶν εἰρηνοδικῶν ἀνενεώσαντο. ὁ μὲν δὴ πρὸς τοὺς τυράννους συστὰς πόλεμος τετρακαιδεκαέτης ἀπὸ τῆς ἐκπτώσεως αὐτῶν γενόμενος τοιαύτης ἔτυχε τελευτῆς. Ταρκύνιος δ´ ὁ βασιλεύς, οὗτος γὰρ ἔτι λοιπὸς ἐκ τοῦ γένους ἦν, ὁμοῦ τι γεγονὼς ἐνενηκονταέτης κατὰ τὸν χρόνον τοῦτον, ἀπολωλεκὼς τὰ τέκνα καὶ τὸν τῶν κηδεστῶν οἶκον καὶ γῆρας ἐλεεινὸν καὶ παρ´ ἐχθροῖς διαντλῶν, οὔτε Λατίνων ὑποδεχομένων αὐτὸν ἔτι ταῖς πόλεσιν, οὔτε Τυρρηνῶν οὔτε Σαβίνων οὔτ´ ἄλλης πλησιοχώρου πόλεως ἐλευθέρας οὐδεμιᾶς, εἰς τὴν Καμπανίδα Κύμην ᾤχετο πρὸς Ἀριστόδημον τὸν ἐπικληθέντα Μαλακὸν τυραννοῦντα τότε Κυμαίων· παρ´ ᾧ βραχύν τινα ἡμερῶν ἀριθμὸν ἐπιβιοὺς ἀποθνήσκει καὶ θάπτεται ὑπ´ αὐτοῦ. τῶν δὲ σὺν ἐκείνῳ φυγάδων οἱ μὲν ἐν τῇ Κύμῃ κατέμειναν, οἱ δ´ εἰς ἄλλας τινὰς πόλεις σκεδασθέντες ἐπὶ ξένης τὸν βίον κατέστρεψαν.

Traduction française :

[6,21] These were the opinions expressed by the leading men of the senate, but the dictator gave (p303) the preference to that of Larcius; and, no further opposition being made to it, the ambassadors were called in to the senate to receive their answer. Postumius, after reproaching them with an evil disposition never to be reformed, said: "It would be right that you should suffer the utmost severity, which is just the way you yourselves were intending to treat us, if you had succeeded in the many attempts you made against us." Nevertheless, he said, the Romans had not chosen mere rights in preference to clemency, bearing in mind that the Latins were their kinsmen and had had recourse to the mercy of those whom they had injured; but they were allowing these offences of theirs also to go unpunished, from a regard both to the gods of their race and to the uncertainty of Fortune, to whom they owed their victory. "For the present, therefore, go your way," he said, "relieved of all fear; and after you have released to us the prisoners, delivering the deserters, and expelled the exile, then send ambassadors to us to treat of friendship and of an alliance, in the assurance that they shall fail of naught that is reasonable." The ambassadors, having received this answer, departed, and a few days later returned, having released the prisoners and expelled the exiles with Tarquinius from their cities, and bringing with them in chains all the deserters they had taken. In return for this they obtained of the senate their old treaty of friendship and alliance and renewed through the fetiales the oaths they had previously (p305) taken concerning it. Thus ended the war against the tyrants, after it had lasted fourteen years from their expulsion. King Tarquinius — for he still survived of his family — being now about ninety years of age and having lost his children and the household of his relations by marriage, dragged out a miserable old age, and that too among his enemies. For when neither the Latins, the Tyrrhenians, the Sabines, nor any other free people near by would longer permit him to reside in their cities, he retired to Cumae in Campania and was received by Aristodemus, nicknamed the Effeminate, who was at that time tyrant of the Cumaeans; and after living a few days there, he died and was buried by him. Some of the exiles who had been with him remained at Cumae; and the rest, dispersing themselves to various other cities, ended their days on foreign soil.





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